Additional Reading by Ayn Rand: Moral Virtue, General
“The Objectivist Ethics” in The Virtue of Selfishness
An essay based on her 1961 lecture providing a detailed overview of Ayn Rand’s ethics of rational egoism.
Additional Reading: Essays Related to Justice
“The Age of Envy” in Return of the Primitive
Dr. Peikoff refers to this essay as an excellent source to understand the vicious nature of egalitarianism, and how its true motive is to smash the good.
“How Does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?” in The Virtue of Selfishness
Ayn Rand writes about the importance of rationally judging others.
“The Psychology of Psychologizing” in The Voice of Reason
Dr. Peikoff alludes to this essay as additional reading on psychologizing, which he said one should not do when judging others.
“The Sanction of the Victims” in The Voice of Reason
In this essay based on her 1981 lecture, Ayn Rand exhorts businessmen to stop apologizing for making money, and to supporting anti-capitalist institutions. This article is a real-world concretization of Rand’s view of the self-inflicted damage that can be done when victims give sanction to their destroyers.
“An Untitled Letter” in Philosophy: Who Needs It
Ayn Rand discusses why she rejects John Rawls’ theory of justice.
Additional Reading: Essays Related to Independence
“The Metaphysical Versus the Man-Made” in Philosophy: Who Needs It
In the lecture on the virtue of independence, Dr. Peikoff identifies how the independent man understands the difference between the metaphysical and the man-made. This is the essay where Ayn Rand highlights the fundamental difference between these two categories of facts.
“The Nature of the Second-Hander” in For the New Intellectual
One of the major speeches from The Fountainhead that Dr. Peikoff frequently references, which details the nature of the second-hander.
“The Soul of the Individualist” in For the New Intellectual
One of the major speeches from The Fountainhead that Dr. Peikoff frequently references, which details the nature of the independent man.
Additional Reading: Essays Related to Initiation of Force
“Faith and Force: Destroyers of the Modern World” in Philosophy: Who Needs It?
An essay based on her 1960 lecture in which Ayn Rand offers a broad historical-philosophical survey detailing the relationship between the acceptance of faith and the initiation of force.
“What is Capitalism?” in Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal
In this essay, Ayn Rand explains why capitalism is the only moral social system—one in which individuals are free to peacefully coexist as rational beings and why the initiation of force must be banned in a free society.
...for Those Familiar with Ayn Rand's Writings
Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand
, by Leonard Peikoff
Dr. Peikoff frequently mentions this book throughout the course, as it was the book he was writing at the time the course was given. Much of the material used for the course was later incorporated into the book. It is his systematic presentation of Ayn Rand’s philosophy, based on a course that Dr. Peikoff taught under Ayn Rand’s guidance.
Viable Values: Life as the Root and Reward of Morality
, by Tara Smith
A study of an objective morality that is grounded in the factual requirements for attaining a flourishing life. In particular, the author draws extensively from Ayn Rand’s conception of the nature of values and their connection to the requirements of life.
Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist
, by Tara Smith
An in-depth exploration of Rand’s virtue ethics, offering a detailed discussion of each of the virtues Rand emphasizes—including justice and independence—and discussing how these virtues integrate with Rand’s broader theory of egoism.
Metaethics, Egoism, and Virtue: Studies in Ayn Rand’s Normative Theory
, by Allan Gotthelf and James G. Lennox (Editors)
A collection of scholarly papers commenting on a variety of philosophic issues in Ayn Rand’s ethics.
“The Dollar and the Gun,” by Harry Binswanger, in Why Businessmen Need Philosophy
A discussion of the crucial difference between physical force and economic “force” employing ideas from Ayn Rand’s philosophy.